Blotchy skin, with lighter and darker patches, is a common skin condition. Especially for those of us that love the sun and don’t like wearing a hat - or is that only me?
You can use a good foundation and concealer to cover and even out your skin tone.
The best results are achieved with professional solutions but there are also simple DIY solutions that may help even out and fade any blotchy patches.
Darker patches that are a different tone to the rest of your skin are caused by an increase in melanin production and melanin ‘clumping’ in certain spots.
Melanin is a natural skin pigment that determines skin, eye and hair colour. It’s part of our genetic make-up, based on our ancestors’ exposure to the sun to prevent sunburn. I’m fair (blonde hair and light skin) so I would have originated from a climate where there was little exposure to the sun. If you have an olive complexion you probably came from a warmer location!
Sun damage, hormones, and medications can all increase melanin production and result in uneven, darker skin.
You can reduce and help to prevent uneven skin tone by using the correct skincare as directed and wearing sunscreen outdoors all the time.
Natural acids like alpha-hydroxy, glycolic and salicylic inprofessional skin peels act to remove dead skin cells, reduce the appearance of fine lines, even out skin tone and enhance skin clarity.
Microdermabrasion is a gentle, effective skin resurfacing treatment with no downtime. It helps to even skin tone, exfoliate dull and dry skin, reduce the appearance of wrinkles and stimulate new cell growth. This results in smoother, hydrated skin.
Professional facials that are prescribed for your unique skin type will help to deeply exfoliate your skin and also stimulate cell renewal, especially when you commit to a series.
These are professional solutions that give fantastic results with regular treatments.
Skincare products formulated to exfoliate also help when used regularly. Avoid over-exfoliation as this may make your skin worse.Enzyme-based products are less abrasive on your skin. They are usually formulated from natural plant enzymes and gently dissolve and exfoliate dead skin cells.
To really make a difference try adding them to your regular skincare routine. They are best done in the evening as any exfoliation can make your skin more sensitive to the sun, so always use sunscreen before going outdoors after these solutions.Lemon juice
Apply the juice directly to the skin, let sit for a few minutes, and then rinse off. As it’s naturally acidic it helps exfoliate and brighten skin tone. Test on a small area first, as lemons are very acidic and this varies according to season and growing conditions.Green Tea
As well as all its health-boosting antioxidants, green tea can help even skin tone! Apply cooled tea bags to the dark areas of your skin and leave for 15 minutes. You can also make your own mask by mixing cooled tea with a banana or mashed kiwi fruit and leaving it on your face for 10 minutes or so.Turmeric
Turmeric is not just for cooking curries! It’s also a powerful antioxidant that can even out skin tone. You can make your own mask by mixing turmeric with lemon juice or natural yogurt (if you want more hydration). If your skin is really sensitive try almond oil instead. Leave on your skin for 10 minutes or so before gently removing with a warm face cloth.Aloe Vera
Aloe vera is a wonderful moisturiser and can help with uneven skin tone. Squeeze the ’gel’ out of a leaf or two, apply to your skin and leave for half an hour. Remove with a warm face cloth.Yogurt
A natural source of lactic acid, natural yogurt gently exfoliates your skin by ‘loosening’ the dead cells on top to reveal the younger cells underneath. This process helps to even skin tone. Make a weekly regeneration mask with 1 teaspoon of yogurt, 1 teaspoon of honey and 1 teaspoon of ground oats. Leave on your skin for 15 minutes and remove with a warm face cloth.Sunscreen
The major cause of uneven skin tone is the sun. Staying out of the harsh rays and protecting your skin with SPF is the best way to prevent and minimise pigmentation and dark spots.
There are also professional treatments that use natural plant acids like alpha hydroxy, glycolic and salicylic acid. They work to dissolve dead skin cells, minimise the appearance of fine lines, even out skin tone and enhance skin clarity. These professional solutions give fantastic results, especially when combined with a regular facial.
If you have any questions about how to reduce your uneven skin tone, please comment below.